Detail View: LUNA: Folger Bindings Image Collection: Front cover, INC M209.

Image Caption: 
Front cover, INC M209.
General Description: 
A Louvain binding by Ludovicus de Ravescot or Jan van Raveschote, ca. 1482. Brown calfskin over wooden boards with blind tooling.
Ravescot, Ludovicus de, fl. 1485-1488.
Country / Style: 
Belgium, Louvain
ca. 1482
Call Number: 
INC M209
Purchased by H. C. Folger before January 11,1918 from unknown source.
Marchesinus, Johannes.
[Mammotrectus super Bibliam] Prologus autoris i[n] Mamotrectu[m].
Created / Published: 
Venetijs ... P[er] Andrea[m] Iacobi de Catthara : Impe[n]sis Octaviani Scoti de Modoetia, anno D[omi]ni 1482. die v[er]o 6. Iulij.
Hamnet URL:
Technical Description: 
Sewn on three raised red alum-tawed slit thongs, with each section reinforced at the inner fold by narrow strips of vellum. Endleaves and pastedowns of vellum (flesh side uppermost). Spine rounded and backed. Endbands worked over a tawed(?) core, with primary sewing of linen thread, tied down through every other section (approx.). Narrow straps of red and white tawed skin have been worked in a braided style over the top of both endbands and through the spine of the covering material previously cut flush with the endbands. Boards deeply cushioned on outer surfaces. Tongue corners. Spine tied up. Both covers show evidence of clasps with hasps hinged by leather straps from the lower board.
227 x 164 x 49 mm
Covering Material: 
Dark brown calfskin.
Sewn on three double slit red alum-tawed thongs.
Primary sewing over a tawed core with linen thread, then covered with a secondary braided covering of red and white leather over the primary sewing and the spine leather.
End Papers: 
Endleaves and paste-downs of vellum.
Evidence of two clasps catching onto the front board - possibly full metal hasps.
Decorative Description: 
Covers blind tooled to a panel design, using a four-line fillet. A three-line tool divides the center panel into four full and eight half lozenges, with a small star roundel stamped at each corner and at the place of intersection. The center of each lozenge is tooled with either a rebus or wyvern stamp. The inner panel and the outer border are linked by a two-line fillet.
Other Details: 
Goldschmidt and G. D. Hobson believed that the rebus was that of the Louvain printer, Ludovicus Ravescot. Verheyden suggested that the bookseller Jan van Raveschote, living in the Borchstrate in Louvain from 1475 to 1487, is more likely to have been a binder and thus the owner of the rebus tool. Luc Indestege, however, was certain that Ludovicus Ravescot was himself a binder and owned a panel stamp.
Martin Breslauer Catalogue 104, pt. 2, p. 189; Goldschmidt, Gothic & Renaissance, 1, pp. 152-153; G. D. Hobson, Cambridge, pp. 34-36; Luc Indestege, "New Light on Ludovicus Ravescot," Quaerendo, 1 (1971), pp. 16-18; Prosper Verheyden, Afdeeling der Oud-Vlaamsche Kunst, Antwerp, 1930, Deel V, pp. 123-124.
Folger 1:3 (Folger Shakespeare Library, Fine and historic bookbindings from the Folger Shakespeare Library, New York, 1992).
Binding Terms (RBMS): 
Alum tawed thongs -- Belgium -- 15th century.
Binding Terms (RBMS): 
Blind tooled bindings -- Belgium -- 15th century.
Binding Terms (RBMS): 
Calf bindings -- Belgium -- 15th century.
Binding Terms (RBMS): 
Clasps -- Belgium -- 15th century.
Binding Terms (RBMS): 
Fillet tools -- Belgium -- 15th century.
Binding Terms (RBMS): 
Leather bindings -- Belgium -- 15th century.
Binding Terms (RBMS): 
Raised bands -- Belgium -- 15th century.
Binding Terms (RBMS): 
Thongs -- Belgium -- 15th century.