Detail View: LUNA: Folger Bindings Image Collection: Top edge, INC Q27.

Image Caption: 
Top edge, INC Q27.
General Description: 
15th century Italian sheepskin binding.
Country / Style: 
15th century
Call Number: 
Hoskier, H. C. (Herman Charles), 1864-1938; Smedley, William T. (William Thomas), b. 1851; Domus S. Nicolai Tolent. Venet.
[Institutiones oratoriae] Quintiliani Institutiones : cum commento Laurentii Vallensis, Pomponii, ac Sulpitii.
Created / Published: 
Impressum Venetiis : Per Peregrinum de Pasqualibus de Bononia, anno Domini 1494, die xviii Augusti.
Hamnet URL:
329 x 215 x 55 mm
Covering Material: 
Reddish brown sheepskin.
Sewn on three slit double cochineal stained alum tawed thongs, channeled into the boards and pegged.
Endband, primary wrapped linen over tawed leather thong laced into the boards, with evidence of secondary embroidery using green thread.
Edge Treatment: 
Stained rose color on the top edge is written QVINL.
End Papers: 
Front of the binding has a stub of a flyleaf and paste-down, the back has a full flyleaf and paste-down.
Evidence of four clasps catching on the back covers (two on the fore-edge and one at the head and tail). The catches are missing but impressions in the leather show that they were triangular rolled edge catches with an ornate stamped design. Straps (missing) were leather reinforced with vellum secured with three iron nails. There is evidence of five round bosses on the front and back covers (missing).
Decorative Description: 
Blind tooled with a panel design using a variable width triple line fillet. In the second panel a leaf-design stamp was repeated carefully filling the space. In the center panel the fillet was used forming a hexagon. The spine is divided into four panels with the triple line fillet tooled above and below the bands and used to create a cris-cross design. Adhered over the spine are three paper labels, damaged, partially illegible with handwritten author name and shelfmarks, the upper one covering a previous label.
Binding Terms (RBMS): 
Leather bindings -- Italy -- 15th century.
Binding Terms (RBMS): 
Sheepskin bindings -- Italy -- 15th century.