LUNA: Folger Bindings Image Collection
Open covers, STC 2943.
Early 17th century English embroidered binding.
Country / Style:
17th century (early)
Bible. N.T. English. Authorized. The New Testament of our Lord and Saviovr Iesus Christ. Newly translated out of the originall Greeke: and with the former translations diligently compared and reuised, by his Maiesties speciall commandement.
Created / Published:
Imprinted at London : by Robert Barker, printer to the Kings most excellent Maiestie: and by the assignes of John Bill, 1633.
110 x 54 x 40 mm
Sewn on three recessed alum tawed supports laced through the boards.
Gilt on all three edges.
Single paste-down with folded joint guard.
Evidence of two colorful fore-edge ties.
The cover ground fabric is white silk satin. Overall condition is good, general wear overall, with minimal fading of silk. The ground fabric is still white with minimal discoloration, rubbing and wear on the edges. The metal threads are worn and rubbed, missing in some places, mostly the twisted cord throughout has worn to the core and slight discoloration (silver content). Silk colors are still vibrant, some minimal fading of the color pink. There are discolorations where spangles were couched, none remain. On the front cover, the central motif is a tulip, worked in flat silk thread in long and short stitches, in white, pink and yellow. Some of the stitching is worn and slightly discolored/faded. Leaves are in silk green flat silk, the left leaf is stitched in long and short, the right leaf is in satin stitch. The tulip is outlined with a twisted metal thread cord with s silk core, couched down with silk thread. The cord is worn, showing the core threads. The twisted cord is embellished with metal thread bullions in single and double clusters, representing "buds". Some of the bullions are metal thread and blue silk. There are leaf embellishments of rectangular base wrapped in fine metal thread, couched down with a fine metal thread and outlined in the twisted cord. At the top center is a (half) heartsease (pansy) in yellow, pink and white flat silk thread stitched in long and short, outlined in twisted the twisted cord and metal thread mixed with blue silk bullion. Bullion buds and wrapped wire leaves. The left corner heartsease is red, blue and white silk flat thread. The red petals are in satin stitch, the blue and white petals are stitched in long and short, outlined in the twisted cord. The heartsease in the right upper corner is blue, yellow and pink flat silk thread. Blue petals are in satin stitched, one of the petals has a dark stain/damage. The pink and yellow petals are in long and short stitches outlined in twisted cord. The lowest left corner has flat silk blue, pink and yellow petals. The blue petals are stitched in satin stitch, the pink and yellow are in long and short. The heartsease in the lowest right corner has flat silk in red, blue and white petals, the red petals are stitched in stain stitch, the blue and white in long and short. Above each of the corner flowers are (half) heartsease in flat silk yellow and white threads stitched in long and short. All outlined in the twisted cord, with metal thread, and colored (blue) metal thread bullion buds and wrapped wire leaves. The spine is an independent design (not a continuation of the covers) of segments of flowers. Each segment is separated by a couched twisted cord. The top flower is a foxglove, stitched in pink, yellow and white flat silk in long and short stitches outlined in the twisted cord, embellished with bullion buds and wire wrapped leaves. Next is a (half) heartsease in blue and white flat silk in long and short stitches outlined in twisted cord, embellished with bullion buds and wrapped wire leaves. Under the heartsease is a tulip in blue and white flat silk in long and short stitches outlined in twisted cord, embellished with bullion buds. The bottom segment is a (half) heartsease in pink and yellow flat silk in long and short stitches outlined in twisted cord, embellished with bullion buds and wrapped wire leaves. The back cover is the same pattern (not mirrored) and stitching as the front cover in similar condition. *Unusual point on this piece, the single foxglove flower introduced on the spine motif when the rest of the pattern is exclusively tulips and heartsease. The heartsease are even truncated, showing only three petals to fir in the space allowed in the design, yet the one foxglove is used on the spine. Also, the blue tulip in the spine is unusual. Tulips are not commonly colored with blue thread.
Description by Erin Harvey Moody, September 28, 2011.
Binding Terms (RBMS):
Cloth bindings -- England -- 17th century.
Binding Terms (RBMS):
Embroidered bindings -- England -- 17th century.