LUNA: Folger Manuscript Transcriptions Collection
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Dramatic and poetical miscellany, 1567-ca. 1620 [manuscript]
Source Created or Published:
compiled ca. 1600-ca. 1620
59v || 60r
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The answere to To the words of Hippocrates wee may may answere, that hee in that Hippocr ates booke intendinge to giue a reason of the naturall dreames, and theire vse in Physicke, must needs allowe the soule an operation; for the bo = dye of it selfe were senselesse with out the soule, which nowe in sleepe is like the sune, whoe by his vertue draweth vpp exhalations and grosse vapours, which hide and obscure his owne brightnes: soe doth the soule by her faculties drawe vpp such mists into the braine as stopp her owne free operations. The sunne shineth as bright aboue the clouds as beefore: and the soule beehinde the sleepy mists, hath her intire freedome of intellectuall action: and as for the bodylye actions, it indeede exerciseth them in time of sleepe, but imperfectly, as is shewed, and the words saye not that they are perfect: for from theire imperfection hee gathereth the disease. Vnto Viues , whoe goeth farther attributeinge sharpness of discussinge and reasoninge, I answere out of his own distinction, where hee seemeth to putt a midde disposition betweene wake = inge and sleepeinge, which hee calleth Dormitatio or Slumbringe X De funct: nat: wherein x Fernelius agreeth, both of them groundeinge vppon Aristo tle X De Insomn: sayeinge thus. x If one sleepe but perfunctorily and sleightly, soe that abundance of vapours appresse not the imaginatiue power, then though many visions thwart his conciet, yet may those bee noe more called dreames, then that disposition which insensibly or very litle differeth from wakeinge may bee accounted Sleepe: soe that here is rather a quiet stillnes, and vacuitie of outward obiects, then a binde = inge of the senses, which is true sleepe: but in this case they saye men heare the croweinge of Cockes, and barkeinge of dogges, which must needs argue sense. Againe his words are, quiete com = positi, not somno ligati: in the still and silent repose of the night, when the braine is kindely heated, & the grosse vapours consumed. vigilantes, that is in tempore vigilarium, in the day time, when men are broade wakeinge, their senses detained & distracted with varietye of obiects./ As for 60 As for Galen s words: it were indeede a rash opinion to Answere to Galen . thinke that the Soule, which is Actus purus, a pure and simple Act, should stand still and rest: and as rash a iudgment were it to thinke that therefore in sleepe it should performe absolute, free, and organicall actions. To the Argument: that because the vnderstandinge conceiu = Answere to the eth and argueth, & the tounge mooueth, therefore the tounge Argument may speake vnderstandingingly, I answere: it is an Argument a Bene diuisis ad male Composita: the tounge speaketh indeede but either incongruously, accordinge to the confused matter of the dreame, or if cohærently, either out of the bare memorye of thinges foreknowne, and deeply imprinted, a stronge imagination stirringe them vpp: or els vppon quæstions demaunded, at which time men doe not perfectly sleepe. Beesides there is a double discourse of the minde, the one sensible dependingle vppon the bodilye senses with in our knowledge and reason, & this in perfect sleepe is euer imperfect. The other is absracted and se = parated from all helpe of the sense, as in the Soule seperated from the bodye; or when both phantasie, memorye, and all the inward senses are stopped by the abundance of moysture in deepe and heauy sleepe: at which time wee haue noe dreames; and then can the tounge haue noe motion. Finally it stands with good reason that in the night vppon rest some Answere to Viues men should haue better freedome of spe e ch then in the daye time: and 2 those are only such as haue this impediment from superfluitye of rheumaticke moysture, whether originall or accidentall: it extendeth not to the toungetied, or such as haue some instrumentall impe = diment. The naturall heat in sleepe spendeth and consumeth all su = perfluose moysture, part wherof burdened the Muscles of the tounge, and soe giueth the same liberty of motion which is confirmed by Hippocr: ates whoe sayeth. Balbi longo alui profluuio maxime corripi = untur.
Transcriptions made by Shakespeare's World volunteers (shakespearesworld.org), participants in EMROC classes and transcribathons (emroc.hypotheses.org), participants in Folger paleography classes and transcribathons, and Folger docents.