Detail View: LUNA: Folger Manuscript Transcriptions Collection: Receipt book [manuscript].

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Source Title: 
Receipt book [manuscript].
Source Created or Published: 
compiled ca. 1600
Physical Description: 
folio 34 verso || folio 35 recto
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FSL collection
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The subiect of this litle tractate following, is the demon stration ^of the offence of breathing in generall; which: I was induced to compose for that I found you were [insuch] oppressed with shortness and difficultye of breathing, and for that I perceaved divers scruples arise in your opinion concerning this infirmitye, and the observations in dyet, and other respects in the same case necessarye; which I wanting time and opportunitye by personall discourse to [e] explicate, (and yet desirous to manifest my devoted respects vnto you) thought this the best meanes to accomplish my purpose, both in resolving your doubtes, and presenting vnto you the certayne shape of your disease, from what origenall soever it derive it selfe; which I suppose you may by this, easely distinguish and informe your knowledge of; folio 35 recto 2 35 That I may the better explayne the causes of the defectiveness or impediments, of breathing, it will not be amiss, first to shew what breathing is in its naturall perfection, or vnblemmish= edness, as allsoe by what parts of the body it is performed and what benefit acrues it. Respiration, or breathing (of the Greekes called ?v???o?) is effected by two motions inspiration, and exspiration, by inspiration or drawing in of the breath, the lungs and brest are stretched, or inlarged, and ayre receaved into the body: by exspiration or breathing out, the brest and lungs are contracted, or straightned, and for the impure ayre expelled. Now to respiration doe belong these three, first the mooving faculty secondly the organes or instruments of breathing, [thirdly] as the lungs midriff, brest, the aspera arteria. (through which the ayre is convaighed) wherevnto belong the nosthrills, mouth, and iawes, which are the first that receave, and last that expell, thirdly the vse of breathing which is the ventilation, or cooling the heat of the hart, and generation of the spirits therein, which mayntayne life. Thus much concerning the definition of respiration being perfect, and its instrumentall contrivers, and efficacye. Now of the causes that deprave it: the benefitt of free respiration is hindered through the defaults of the brest and lungs, which happen sometimes by the imperfection of the mooving faculty, sometimes by the stuffing of the organes ^of breathing or other affects of the same, and often by the ayre it selfe; now forasmuch as the force of this moovinig faculty, which: causeth breathing, consists as well in the brest, as in the lungs: it will be expedient to define, how either off them may suffer apart, in the default of this facultye; the lungs doe soe long mayntayne the force of this propertye, as they enioye theyr naturall heat and temper; for that this facultye is then only sayd to be depraved in the lungs, when they loose theyr woonted good temperature, as in consumptions, and many other great diseases. this mooving facultye of the lungs, is allsoe hindered (though it be in its full strength) by accident, (and soe is deprived of its operation) by the narrowness, or straightness [of] of the brest howsoever occasioned, by the crookedness of the body, or by an imposthume, or dropsye of the brest, or by ^the swelling of the entrayles, and midriff; by which meanes 3
Transcriptions made by Shakespeare’s World volunteers (, participants in EMROC classes and transcribathons (, participants in Folger paleography classes and transcribathons, and Folger docents.